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KANATA GC (Data Modeling)

Updated: Jan 25

Data modeling is a critical step in the data analytics process, as it helps organizations to better understand their data, improve data quality, and make more informed business decisions.

It is the process of creating a conceptual representation of data, which can be used to improve data quality, performance, and scalability. It involves identifying the data requirements of an organization, and then creating a logical and physical model of the data that can be used to support the organization's goals.

There are several types of data models, each with its own purpose and use case:

Conceptual data model:

  • This is the highest level of data model, and represents the overall structure of the data in an organization. It is used to understand the data requirements of the organization and to communicate them to stakeholders.

Logical data model:

  • This model represents the data as it is used and accessed by the organization, independent of any specific technology or physical implementation. It is used to define the relationships and constraints between data elements.

Physical data model:

  • This model represents the specific technology and physical implementation of the data, such as the database schema, table structure, and indexes. It is used to implement the logical data model in a specific technology.

Dimensional data model:

  • This model represents data in a multidimensional format, with the data organized into facts and dimensions. This model is commonly used in data warehousing and business intelligence.

NoSQL data model:

  • This model is used for big data and non-relational data, such as JSON or XML, and is optimized for scalability and performance.

Data modeling also involves the use of various modeling techniques and tools, such as:

  • ER modeling (Entity-relationship modeling) which represents the relationships and constraints between data elements in a logical model. It is a graphical representation of entities and their relationships to each other.

  • UML (Unified Modeling Language) to create the models which is a general-purpose modeling language that is widely used in software engineering. It provides a way to represent the design of a system using diagrams.

Data modeling software are common tools used for creating data models. These tools provide a graphical user interface for creating and editing data models, and often include features such as data validation, testing and testing the data model to ensure it meets the requirements, the process of data lineage, tracking the origin and movement of data throughout the data analytics pipeline and reverse-engineering of existing databases.

Tools that are commonly used for data modeling include:

  • ER/Studio

  • PowerDesigner

  • Lucidchart

  • ERwin Data Modeler

  • IBM InfoSphere Data Architect

  • CA ERwin Data Modeler

  • Oracle SQL Developer Data Modeler

  • MySQL Workbench

  • Sybase PowerDesigner

  • SmartDraw

Data modeling also involves the use of data governance frameworks, which provide a set of policies and procedures for managing data quality, security, and compliance. Data governance frameworks can be used to ensure that data is accurate, complete, and secure, and that it is being used in compliance with regulatory and compliance requirements.

Overall, data modeling is an essential step in the data analytics process that helps organizations to better understand their data, improve data quality, and make more informed business decisions.


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